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Writing at Random : A Study on the Structural Disorder of The Picture of Dorian Gray

By 宏 吉岡


多くの批評家は, 『ドリアン・グレイの肖像』を構成の巧みなゴシック・ロマンスの傑作として評価してきた, しかし, この小説が怪奇趣味の一言では片付けられない複雑な問題を抱えているというのも事実である.実際, 本作は, 怪奇趣昧以外にもロマン主義, リアリズム, 自然主義など無数の文学ジャンルを内包している.さらに, 人間関係の描写にも事欠かないわけであるが, どの出来事も誰の思想も十分に展開するようには構成されていないため, いかなる主題も深く掘り下げられることがなく、読者は、この小説のどこに軸を置いてよいのかがわからなくなる, なぜワイルドは, このように支離減裂と思われても致し方ない物語を書く必要があったのか, 読者を混乱に陥れる要困が『ドリアン・グレイの肖像』に添えられた序文にあること, 並びに, この序文と構造的に連関する各単への配慮がワイルド文学のより良い理解につながることを, 本稿はあきらかにする.Many critics have agreed that The Picture of Dorian Gray can be categorized as one of the most well-made gothic novels in the history of English literature, but they have shown almost no interest in the other features of this work. Wilde's only novel is made of literary patchworks ; aside from its grotesque settings and developments, it contains elements of various genres such as Romanticism, Realism, Naturalism, to name but a few. Also described are many dramatic events and decisions leading its characters to their doom. However, the author doesn't seem to be interested in developing them any further, so that readers couldn't focus theft attention on any theme or character. How should we take this apparent incoherence? The best account for this disorder can be round in "the preface". This essay is an attempt to contribute to a better understanding of Wilde's way of creation by demonstrating the dynamic relation of the "preface" to the rest of this novel

Topics: 100
Publisher: 京都大学大学院人間・環境学研究科
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp:2433/215744
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