Ghosts I : A new faint very isolated dwarf galaxy at D = 12 ± 2 Mpc


We report the discovery of a new faint dwarf galaxy, GHOSTS I, using HST/ACS data from one of our GHOSTS (Galaxy Halos, Outer disks, Substructure, Thick disk, and Star clusters) fields. Its detected individual stars populate an approximately 1 mag range of its luminosity function (LF). Using synthetic color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) to compare with the galaxy's CMD, we find that the colors and magnitudes of GHOSTS I's individual stars are most consistent with being young helium-burning and asymptotic giant branch stars at a distance of ~12 ± 2 Mpc. Morphologically, GHOSTS I appears to be actively forming stars, so we tentatively classify it as a dwarf irregular (dIrr) galaxy, although future Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations deep enough to resolve a larger magnitude range in its LF are required to make a more secure classification. GHOSTS I's absolute magnitude is Mv ~ -9.85⁺⁰·⁴⁰₋₀.₃₃, making it one of the least luminous dIrr galaxies known, and its metallicity is lower than [Fe/H] = -1.5 dex. The half-light radius of GHOSTS I is 226 ± 38 pc and its ellipticity is 0.47 ± 0.07, similar to Milky Way and M31 dwarf satellites at comparable luminosity. There are no luminous massive galaxies or galaxy clusters within ~4 Mpc from GHOSTS I that could be considered as its host, making it a very isolated dwarf galaxy in the local universe.8 page(s

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Macquarie University ResearchOnline

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Last time updated on 8/18/2016

This paper was published in Macquarie University ResearchOnline.

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