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Non-standard employment, exclusion and housing insecurity

By Sharon Parkinson

Abstract

Expansion of the standard employment contract along with the growth in female labour participation has given rise to a range of employment arrangements amongst households in terms of hours worked and mix of employment contracts. Greater distinctions can now be made between working and jobless households and also according to the presence of permanent and non permanent employment within a household. Changes in labour markets have occurred alongside many significant shifts within the housing market, including declining affordability in both purchased and rental accommodation. Together these trends raise concerns about the capacity to maintain housing costs, not only amongst households who become unemployed, but also amongst those relying solely on a non permanent or variable income. The paper uses the first three waves of HILDA data to model the connections between more insecure forms of employment, household conditions and housing insecurity, placing particular emphasis on the employment composition of the household. A static logistic regression model with random effects is initially applied to a measure of housing insecurity for both renters and purchasers. This is followed by dynamic models of the factors associated with transitions into and out of purchased housing. The results point to a strong relationship between non standard employment and housing insecurity after controlling for income and other household characteristics

Publisher: Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:vtl.cc.swin.edu.au:swin:49850
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