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DOUBLE ANEUPLOIDY (48,XXY,+21) OF MATERNAL ORIGIN IN A CHILD BORN TO A 13-YEAR-OLD MOTHER: EVALUATION OF THE MATERNAL FOLATE METABOLISM

By J. M. BISELLI, F. B. MACHADO, B. L. ZAMPIERI, A. F. Alves Da SILVA, E. M. GOLONI-BERTOLLO, R. HADDAD, M. N. EBERLIN, H. VANNUCCHI, V. M. CARVALHO, E. MEDINA-ACOSTA and E. C. PAVARINO-BERTELLI

Abstract

Double aneuploidy, (48,XXY,+21) of maternal origin in a child born to a 13-year-old mother: evoluation of the maternal folate metabolism: The occurrence of non-mosaic double trisomy is exceptional in newborns. In this paper, a 48,XXY,+21 child, the parental origin of the extra chromosomes and the evaluation of the maternal folate metabolism are presented. The infant was born to a 13-year-old mother and presented with the typical clinical features of Down syndrome (DS). The origin of the additional chromosomes was maternal and most likely resulted from errors during the first meiotic division. Molecular analysis of 12 genetic polymorphisms involved in the folate metabolism revealed that the mother is heterozygous for the MTHFR C677T and TC2 A67G polymorphisms, and homozygous for the mutant MTRR A66G polymorphism. The maternal homocysteine concentration was 4.7 mu mol/L, a value close to the one considered as a risk factor for DS in our previous study. Plasma methylmalonic acid and serum folate concentrations were 0.17 mu mol/L and 18.4 ng/mL, respectively. It is possible that the presence of allelic variants for the folate metabolism and Hey concentration might have favored errors in chromosomal disjunction (hiring gametogenesis in this young mother. To our knowledge, this is the first patient with non-mosaic Down-Klinefelter born to a teenage mother, resulting from a rare fertilization event combining an abnormal 25,XX,+21 oocyte and a 23,Y spermatozoon

Topics: Aneuploidy, Down syndrome, Folic acid, Genetic Nondisjunction, Genetic Polymorphisms, Klinefelter syndrome, RAPID PRENATAL-DIAGNOSIS, NEURAL-TUBE DEFECTS, DOWN-SYNDROME, RISK-FACTORS, METHYLENETETRAHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE, KLINEFELTER-SYNDROME, SPONTANEOUS-ABORTIONS, DNA HYPOMETHYLATION, MASS-SPECTROMETRY, QF-PCR, Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology, Genetics & Heredity, Medical Ethics, Medicine, Research & Experimental
Publisher: MEDECINE ET HYGIENE
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_UNICAMP:oai:unicamp.sibi.usp.br:SBURI/670
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