Location of Repository

Korean "comfort women" and military sexual slavery in World War II

By Yonson Ahn

Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to explore the way in which sexualities and identities are\ud involved in the creation of patriarchal relations, ethnic hierarchies and colonial\ud power in the context of "Comfort Women". The women were considered sexual\ud slaves for Japanese soldiers during World War II. I attempt to show the It) ways in\ud which masculinity, femininity, and national identity were re/constructed through the\ud enforcement of the subject-positionings of gender, colonialism and nationalism.\ud The questions I raise and attempt to answer are: What kinds of masculinity and\ud femininity of the Japanese soldiers and Korean "Comfort Women" respectively, and\ud the national identities of both, were re/constructed through the comfort station \ud system? How were the positionings of the "Comfort Women" enacted through daily\ud practices and ideology, and what were the consequences of the re/construction of\ud their identity? Finally, how did the "Comfort Women" position themselves in the\ud face of the imposition of gender and national identities, by Japanese colonial and\ud Korean nationalist power?\ud I use personal narratives, including testimonies and life histories of the former\ud Korean "Comfort Women" and Japanese veterans obtained from my interviews with\ud them as well as from testimonies already released. I interviewed thirteen former\ud Korean "Comfort Women" and seventeen Japanese veterans. Thirteen out of the\ud veterans were 'rehabilitated' in China after World War El, the remaining four were\ud not. I also occasionally use official documents on the comfort station system, which\ud were issued by the Japanese military and the Western Allies.\ud I argue that the development of gender and national identities contributed to the\ud construction of Japanese colonialism, and that the "Comfort Women" system helped\ud to produce and reproduce Japan as an imperial state with power over the lives and\ud human resources of the colonies. In particular, the maintenance of the military\ud system depended on the circulation of these concepts of masculinity and femininity.\ud The regulation of masculine and feminine sexuality and national identities through\ud the military comfort station system was a crucial means through which Japan\ud expanded its colonies by military means

Topics: D731, DS
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:4001

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1942). 277 Hong Ejin was born in 1928, and was in comfort stations in Shanghai, Harubin, Hankou in China
  2. (1996). 4-1ý - A-4 -For some of the veterans, only tne ramny namr- is IJI UVI
  3. (1992). APPENDIX List of former "Comfort Women" and Japanese Soldiers interviewed for this thesis 1. Former " Comfort Women" Name Place taken to Year interviewed Year of birth Residence after WW 1) Kim Haksun China
  4. (1941). Bok-tong was born in 1926, and was in comfort stations
  5. (1938). Chok-gan was born in 1922, and was in a comfort station in Hang Zhou, China from
  6. (1991). Chongsindae: muosi munjeinga' in Hanguk chongsindae munje taechaek hyopuihoe
  7. Chung So-un was born in 1924 was taken to a comfort station in
  8. Comfort Women", Tokyo: Otsuki shoten).
  9. Cý Fla Sunnyo was born 1920, and had to serve as "Comfort Woman"
  10. (1937). Duk was born in 1921, and was taken to a comfort station in Shanahai I in
  11. (1996). For Resolution of the Issue of the Military "Comfort Women"'.
  12. (1993). Gender and Nation', doi
  13. (1944). Henson is a Filipino "Comfort Woman". She was born in 1927, and was involved in an anti-Japanese guerrilla organisation. In
  14. Im Kuma was born in 1923 and taken to a comfort station for the Japanese Navy in Hankou, China in 1939. She has lived in China since then.
  15. (1994). Informant 4) died on the 12th of March,
  16. (1996). Japanese veterans Name Place stationed Year interviewed 14) Yoshioka Tadao Taiwan
  17. Kun-ja was taken to a comfort station in Hankou, China in 1944 and remained in China.
  18. (1939). Kyong-paeng was born in 1923, and taken to a comfort station in Taiwan in
  19. (1922). Kyung-seng is a former "Comfort Woman" of North Korea, Li Pong-wha believes she was born in 1920, but her identification card issued by the Chinese government shows her year of birth in
  20. (1941). Mu-Ja is a pseudonym. She was born in 1928, and was in comfort stations
  21. (1997). Naniga shitsude shoukonanoka', in Hougaku semina,
  22. (1989). Nira and Floya Anthias doi
  23. (1937). Okpun was born in 1926, and was in a comfort station in Taiwan from
  24. (1937). Omok was born in 1921 and taken to a comfort station in Manchuria, China in
  25. (1940). Pak Tu-1i was born in 1924 and taken to Taiwan in
  26. (1938). Pak Yoni is a pseudonym. She was born in 1921 and taken to a comfort station in Kuandong, China in
  27. (1941). Pan-im was born in 1924, and was in comfort stations
  28. Pu is a former "Comfort Women" of North Korea. She was born in 1921, and was in a comfort station in China.
  29. (1937). Pun-son was born in 1922, and was in comfort stations
  30. (1997). Rekishi shiryo wo douyomuka', in Sekai,
  31. Sang-Hi was born in 1922, and was taken to comfort stations in Sozu, Nanking and Singapore.
  32. Shil is a former "Comfort Woman" of North Korea. She was born in 1924, and was taken to comfort stations somewhere on the Chinese/Russian border, the name of the place she did not know.
  33. Soo-bock was born in 1921 and taken to a comfort station in Singapore in 1942. After the war, she gave up returning home and ended up in Thailand.
  34. Soon-Ae was born in Tokyo in 1928, as her parents had migrated there to work, and returned to Korea in 1936. At her age of 13, she was taken to a comfort station on Palau Island.
  35. Stmok was born in 1921 and was
  36. (1944). Taeson was born in 1926, and taken to a comfort station in Burma in
  37. (1937). Tokchin is a pseudonym. She was born in 1921 and was in a comfort station in Shanghai between
  38. (1939). Tungnam was born 1918, and was in Hankou, China from
  39. (1997). War Rapes in Bosnia' in Criminologie 1997/2,
  40. (1991). was the first in South Korea to testify in public that she had been forcibly taken as a "Comfort Woman" by the Japanese military, in 1991. She filed a lawsuit against Japan in the Tokyo District Court, for damages and other compensation in
  41. (1942). Yongnyo was born in 1926, and was in a comfort station in
  42. Yongsuk was born in 1922, and was in a comfort station in Kuandong (1939-1945). Yun Soon-man was initially taken to a textile factory in Japan and then taken to a comfort station in Osaka,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.