Within the range of literary reviews in Twentieth-Century\ud France, none has a more highly-esteemed reputation than la Nouvelle\ud Revue Francaise, originally founded in 1909 by Andre Gide and his\ud friends. Resuming in 1919 in a world profoundly shaken by the\ud upheaval and consequences of the First World War, the NRF,\ud at first under Jacques Riviere and then, from 1925 (for the rest\ud of the Inter-War period), under the editorial control of\ud Jean Paulhan, re-established itself at the forefront of literary\ud and critical creativity.\ud Informed by much of the unpublished correspondence of Paulhan,\ud this thesis shows that the NRF was not exclusively literary. An\ud examination of Paulhan's role, and of his editorial policy\ud (Chapter One) precedes the identification of a number of themes.\ud Already sensitive to topical questions, the NRF debated the role\ud and responsibilities of the intellectuals (Chapter Two), whose\ud attitudes tended to become more politicized as they grew more\ud aware of the deficiencies of the Third Republic (Chapter Three).\ud Their preoccupations reflected major themes, in particular\ud Franco-German relations (Chapter Four), Franco-Soviet relations\ud (Chapter Five), and the Jewish question (Chapter Six). Of course\ud the writers involved with the NRF continued to consider political\ud and international issues in the light of their own preferences\ud and prejudices.; yet their reactions and interpretations show that\ud they were ever-more conscious of the crucial, historical importance\ud of the period. Indeed its nature was such that History forced the\ud NRF, eventually, into adopting a partisan position which was\ud Antifascist, anti-Munich, and which even prefigured the Resistance\ud (Chapter Seven)
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