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La salud en la Agenda de Desarrollo post 2015 de las Naciones Unidas

By Paulo Marchiori Buss, Danielly de Paiva Magalhães, Andréia Faraoni Freitas Setti, Edmundo Gallo, Francisco de Abreu Franco Netto, Jorge Mesquita Huet Machado and Daniel Forsin Buss

Abstract

O artigo examina a presença da saúde como Objetivo do Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS) na Agenda do Desenvolvimento pós-2015, no processo transcorrido entre 2012 e 2014. Presente desde a Cúpula do Milênio e os ODM (2000), a saúde também aparece nos documentos que tratam da Agenda pós-2015, da Rio+20 ao documento do Grupo de Trabalho Aberto das Nações Unidas (OWG), submetido à Assembleia Geral das Nações Unidas (AGNU) 2014-2015, passando pela Consulta Global sobre Saúde e o Painel de Alto Nível de Pessoas Eminentes. Os autores concluem pela uniformidade com que a saúde aparece nestes documentos. Identificam a amplitude do enunciado do ODS Saúde, mas alertam para o fracionamento e redução conceitual de suas metas. Propõem mudanças nas mesmas, acrescentando a questão dos determinantes sociais da saúde e metas em saúde pública, ausentes na proposta do OWG. Alertam para a necessidade de reformas na governança global e nacional, bem como para a participação da sociedade civil e da influência que pode exercer sobre a diplomacia, responsável pelo pacto que será firmado na AGNU de 2015This paper evaluates health as a Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) in the context of the Post-2015 Development Agenda, between 2012 and 2014. Health was part of the debate since the Millennium Summit and the MDGs (2000), and it also appears in the documents discussing the Post-2015 Agenda, from the Rio+20 to the Open Working Group (OWG), whose report was submitted to the General Assembly of the United Nations (UNGA) 2014-2015, and in the Global Consultation on Health and the High- Level Panel of Eminent Persons reports. The Authors concluded that the treatment of health in all these documents is uniform. They point out that the scope of the health-related SDG is very comprehensive, but its targets are conceptually fragmented and reduced. They advocate their change as to include not only the idea of social determinants of health, but also targets in the field of public health, which were not included in the proposal of the OWG. They also warn that the global and national governance systems need to be reformed and advocate more participation of the civil society, which can influence diplomacy, which, in turn, will be responsible for the agreement signed at the UNGA in 201

Topics: Prioridades em Saúde, Desenvolvimento Sustentável, Saúde Mundial, Health Priorities, Sustainable Development, World Health
Publisher: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_FIOCRUZ:oai:localhost:icict/9983
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