In the present work we analyze the antigenicity of Leishmania major ribosomal proteins (LRP) in infected BALB/c mice.We show that BALB/c mice vaccinated with LRP in the presence of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) were protected against the development of dermal pathology and showed a reduction in the parasite load after challenge with L. major. This protection was associated with the induction of an IL-12 dependent specific-IFN-g response mediated mainly by CD4?? T cell, albeit a minor contribution of CD8?? T cells cannot be ruled out. Induction of Th1 responses against LRP also resulted in a reversion of the Th2 responses associated with susceptibility. A marked reduction of IgG1 antibody titer against parasite antigens besides an impaired IL-4 and IL-10 cytokine production by parasite specific T cells was observed. In addition, we show that the administration of the LRP plus CpG-ODN preparation also conferred protection in the naturally resistant C57BL/6 mice. In this strain protection was associated with a LRP specific IFN-g production in lymph nodes draining the challenge site. We believe that these evolutionary conserved proteins, combined with adjuvants that favor Th1 responses, may be relevant components of a pan-Leishmania vaccine. 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserve
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.