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Adolescent-Targeted Public Policies: an analysis under the perspective of health professionals

By Maria Jos?? Nogueira, Celina Maria Modena and Virg??nia Torres Schall

Abstract

Segundo dados do IBGE1, 21% da popula????o brasileira encontra-se na faixa dos 10 aos 19 anos, sendo 50,4% do sexo masculino e 49,6% do sexo feminino. Apesar do n??mero elevado, muitos desses jovens ainda n??o t??m acesso a informa????es e servi??os adequados no ??mbito da sa??de sexual e reprodutiva que garantam, aos mesmos, o exerc??cio da sexualidade de maneira segura e respons??vel. Desse modo, o objetivo foi analisar, sob a ??tica dos profissionais de sa??de, como os adolescentes t??m sido inseridos nas pol??ticas p??blicas municipais, principalmente no que se refere aos aspectos da sa??de sexual e reprodutiva. Para tal finalidade, foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas dirigidas a informantes chaves em sete dos nove distritos sanit??rios do munic??pio. No presente estudo, ficou demarcado que as dificuldades de atendimento ao p??blico adolescente, al??m daquelas inerentes ao pr??prio sistema de sa??de (recursos econ??micos escassos, infraestrutura deficiente, escassez de programas de capacita????o profissional, etc.), perpassam por outras esferas da sociedade como, por exemplo, pelo ??mbito da educa????o e pela dimens??o cultural. As a????es e estrat??gias de atendimento ao p??blico adolescente, nas Unidades B??sicas de Sa??de, ainda s??o incipientes, pontuais, voltadas para o aspecto curativo em detrimento de uma abordagem educativa.According to IBGE1, 21% of the Brazilian population are within the 10-19 years age range, 50.4% being male and 49.6% female. Although they make up a significant swath of the population, many of these individuals do not have access to adequate information and services concerning sexual and reproductive health, essential to guarantee safe and responsible sexual practices. We then aimed to assess, under the perspective of health professionals, the insertion of these young people in the municipal public policies, chiefly concerning sexual and reproductive health. Semi-structured interviews were used to approach key informants from seven of the nine sanitary districts of the municipality. Besides the difficulties that are inherent to the health system (scarce resources, deficient infrastructure, paucity of professional continuing education programs), adolescent care is hampered by educational and cultural issues. Actions and strategies targeting adolescent care in the Basic Health Units are on their early days, being mainly a stopgap that prioritizes curative measures over educational ones

Topics: Adolescente, Servi??os de Sa??de para Adolescentes, Pol??ticas P??blicas, Sexualidade, Pessoal de Sa??de Pol??ticas P??blicas voltadas para adolescentes nas Unidades B??sicas de Sa??de no Munic??pio de Belo Horizonte/MG: uma an??lise sob a perspectiva dos profissionais de sa??de Adolescent-Targeted Public Policies: an analysis under the perspective of health professionals Maria Jos?? Nogueira1, Celina Maria Modena2, Virg??nia Torres Schall3 1, Adolescent, Adolescent Health Services, Public Policies, Sexuality, Health Personnel
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_FIOCRUZ:oai:localhost:icict/5879
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