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The conduction system of the heart in mice chronically infected with Trypanosoma cruzi: histopathological lesions and electrocardiographic correlations.

By Sonia Gumes Andrade and Moyses Sadigursky


Chronic focal and diffuse myocarditis with interstitial fibrosis developed in Swiss outbred mice and in the inbred AKR and A/J strains of mice which were chronically infected with several Trypanosoma cruzi strains belonging to three biological types (Type I, II and III). High incidence of electrocardiographic changes with predominance of intraventricular conduction disturbances, 1st. and 2nd. degree AV block, arrhythmias, comparable with those found in human Chagas' disease, were also present. Morphological study of the conduction tissue of the heart revealed inflammatory and fibrotic changes. The presence of inflammation in the inter-atrial septum almost always coincided with the inflammatory involvement of the ventricular conduction system. Focal inflammation was associated with vacuolization and focal necrosis of the specific fibers. Most of the lesions were seen affecting the His bundle (76.3% of the cases), the right bundle branch (73.3%), AV node (43.9%) and left bundle branch (37.5%). Correlation between morphological changes in the conduction tissue and electrocardiographic alteration occurred in 53.0 to 62.5% of the cases, according to the experimental groups

Topics: Conduction system of the heart, Trypanosoma cruzi, Chronic myocarditis, Chronic T. cruzi, Infection in mice, Electrocardiogram in mice, Cardiomiopatia Chag??sica/fisiopatologia, Eletrocardiografia, Sistema de Condu????o Card??aco/fisiopatologia, Mioc??rdio/patologia, Animais, Bloqueio Card??aco/patologia, Camundongos, Camundongos Endog??micos A, Camundongos Endog??micos AKR
Year: 1987
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