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Laboratório de Parasitologia e Entomologia, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz-Fiocruz, 40295-001 Salvador, BA, Brasil.

By Artur Gomes Dias Lima, Maria Lenise Silva Guedes and Ítalo Rodrigues de Araújo Sherlock


A study about the horizontal stratification of the sand fly fauna in two distinct ecosystems, caatinga area, endemic for visceral leishmaniasis, and the tropical rain forest area, endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis, was performed in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Lutzomyia longipalpis was predominant in the caatinga, and following it came the species L. capixaba and L. oswaldoi. In the tropical rain forest other species were found, such as L. intermedia, L. migonei, L. whitmani, L. yuilli, L.fischeri, L. damascenoi, L. evandroi, L. monticola, and L. lenti. It was found that the geographical limits of the vector species of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis are clearly defined by the biological and phytogeographic characteristics

Topics: Sand fly fauna, Horizontal Stratification, Phytogeography, Leishmaniasis, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Lutzomyia Whitmani, Ecossistema, Insetos Vetores, Psychodidae, Arvores, Leishmaniose Cutânea, Leishmaniose Visceral, Estações do Ano, Clima Tropical
Year: 2003
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