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Globalization and environmentalism: polyphonic ethnicities in the Amazon

By Luiza Garnelo and Sully Sampaio


O texto problematiza a globaliza????o, suas contradi????es e os modos como ela orienta e configura as situa????es espec??ficas encontradas na realidade amaz??nica atual, produzindo simultaneamente uma uniformiza????o da produ????o econ??mica e a valoriza????o das diferen??as culturais. A discuss??o explora as nuan??as da instala????o de uma base produtiva massificada e padronizada que, paradoxalmente, promove a valoriza????o das diferen??as culturais, favorecendo alian??as entre lideran??as etnopol??ticas de grupos ind??genas amaz??nicos, de um lado, e ambientalistas e outros atores trans-mundiais de forte poder decis??rio, de outro. O texto analisa a rede de alian??as do movimento ind??gena, enfatizando a polifonia dos diversos agentes pol??ticos que se conflagramThe article examines the issue of globalization, along with its contradictions and the ways in which it guides and shapes specific situations within the Amazon???s present-day reality, while simultaneously engendering the uniformization of economic production and the valorization of cultural differences. The discussion explores the nuances of implementing a massified, standardized productive base that paradoxically fosters the valorization of cultural differences and favors alliances between, on the one hand, ethno-political leaders from indigenous Amazon groups and, on the other, environmentalists and other transworld actors who wield strong decision-making power. The article analyzes the indigenous movement???s network of alliances and highlights the polyphony of the different political agents that come to clash with each other within this post-modern geopolitical setting

Topics: ambientalismo, globaliza????o, etnicidade, povos ind??genas amazonicos, environmentalism, globalization, ethnicity, indigenous Amazon peoples.
Year: 2005
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