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Ways of life and ways to drink of young indigenous in a transformation context

By Maximiliano Loiola Ponte de Souza, Suely Ferreira Deslandes and Luiza Garnelo

Abstract

Atrav??s de uma pesquisa etnogr??fica, analisaram-se as intera????es entre os atuais modos de vida e de beber de jovens ind??genas de uma populosa localidade do Alto Rio Negro. Para tanto, se utilizou um modelo te??rico que permitiu decompor e articular a realidade social em diferentes n??veis. Observou-se que houve a multiplica????o das situa????es em que se bebe, que s??o associadas a mecanismos tanto de demarca????o de pertencimento como de explicita????o de diferen??as intergrupais. Atualmente, os jovens inserem-se em m??ltiplas redes de intera????o. Atrav??s delas, podem criar ambientes juvenis de consumo de ??lcool, beber longe dos pais e comprar bebidas industrializadas. Com a introdu????o da escola e o abandono dos rituais de inicia????o, o status do jovem tornou-se incerto e sobre ele incidem de forma amb??gua as normas sociais de consumo de ??lcool, num contexto no qual n??o h?? consenso na pr??tica cotidiana a respeito das poss??veis estrat??gias para regular o beber juvenil. Atrav??s desta pesquisa, puderam-se aventar alternativas te??rico-metodol??gicas para investigar as rela????es que se estabelecem entre os modos de vida e a produ????o da sa??de e da doen??a, incorporando a esta an??lise a cultura (e sua transforma????o), a vida cotidiana (e suas contradi????es), as pessoas (e suas subjetividades).The interactions among the ways of life and drink of youths indigenous of a populous place of Upper Rio Negro were analyzed through an ethnographic research. It was used a theoretical model that allowed to decompose and to articulate the social reality in different levels. It was observed that there was a multiplication of the situations in which is possible to drink, that are associated to mechanisms as much of belonging demarcation as of exposition of differences inter-group. Nowadays, youths insert themselves in multiple interaction networks. Through these networks they can create juvenile atmospheres of alcohol consumption, drink far away from the parents and buy industrialized drinks. With the introduction of the school and the abandonment of the initiation rituals, the youth status became uncertain, and it occurs in an ambiguous way the social norms of alcohol consumption, in a context in which there is no consensus in daily practice respect of the possible strategies to regulate juvenile drinking. Through this research, theoretical-methodological alternatives could be suggested to investigate the relationships that are established between the ways of life and the production of the health and disease, incorporating in this analysis the culture (and its transformation), the daily life (and its contradictions), the people (and its subjectivities)

Topics: ??ndios Sul-americanos, Consumo de ??lcool, Juventude, South American Indians, Youth, Life???s Conditions, Alcohol Consumption, Consumo de Bebidas Alco??licas - epidemiologia, ??ndios Sul-Americanos, Estilo de Vida, Brasil, Caracter??sticas Culturais, Adulto Jovem, Condi????es de Vida
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_FIOCRUZ:oai:localhost:icict/1733
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