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Umbanda in the Kardecist Spiritualist Novels

By Maria Helena Villas Boas Concone and Eliane Garcia Rezende

Abstract

Para a Antropologia, a religi??o pode ser vista como um sistema cultural que engloba todo um conjunto de s??mbolos e significados, onde s??o contru??das rela????es de sentido para a vida; como afirma Geertz, a religi??o produz um ethos e uma vis??o de mundo. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a Umbanda tal como aparece em romances esp??ritas, buscando os aspectos morais e cognitivos que os informam, neste caso buscando, na vis??o esp??rita do umbandismo, a positividade ou a negatividade a ele atribu??das e os argumentos usados para justificar tais avalia????es. Os textos escolhidos permitiram o cotejamento entre as descri????es e recortes feitos nesses romances e as descri????es e recortes da Umbanda apresentados pela literatura acad??mica. Esta estrat??gia permitiu aprofundar nossa an??lise e, indo um pouco al??m dos romances, introduzir uma reflex??o mais cr??tica. Para a leitura e an??lise dos textos estabelecemos previamente alguns marcadores: nascimento da Umbanda; obsess??o ou encosto; sincretismo; processo sa??de-doen??a. A explicabilidade oferecida pelo Espiritismo mostra toda sua for??a para as pessoas que vivem infort??nios (morte, perdas, doen??as,entre outros) e as descri????es das atua????es da Umbanda e do Espiritismo s??o vistas nesse contexto como uma soma de a????es em benef??cios dos indiv??duos encarnados e desencarnados.In anthropology, religion can be seen as a cultural system that encompasses a whole range of symbols and signification, where meaning relations regarding life are built; as stated by Geertz, religion produces an ethos and a worldview. This study aimed to analyze Umbanda (a Brazilian spiritualist religion) as it appears in spiritist novels, in search of moral and cognitive aspects that inform them, in this case, seeking the spiritist view of Umbanda, positivity or negativity attributed to it and the arguments which were used to justify such ratings. The chosen texts allowed the examination between descriptions and excerpts from these novels and descriptions and excerpts with reference to Umbanda produced by the academic literature. This strategy allowed us to deepen our analysis and, going a little beyond the novels, to introduce a more critical consideration. With the purpose of reading and analyzing the texts, we previously set some markers: birth of Umbanda, obsession or encosto (a discarnate to incarnate relation that works as a jinx); syncretism; and health-disease process. The explicability offered by Spiritualism shows all its strength to those going through mishaps (death, loss, illness, etc.); and descriptions of Umbanda performances and Spiritism are also seen in this context as a sum of individual actions in benefit of the incarnated and discarnated individuals

Topics: religi??o; umbanda; espiritismo kardecista; antropologia interpretativa; romances, religion; Umbanda; Kardecism; interpretative anthropology; novels
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_FIOCRUZ:oai:localhost:icict/1390
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