Location of Repository

O lugar do caso: leptospirose e riscos associados a condi????es ambientais durante o surto de 1996 na Zona Oeste do Rio de Janeiro

By Christovam de Castro Barcellos and Paulo Chagastelles Sabroza

Abstract

Neste trabalho foi averiguado o contexto ambiental do surto de leptospirose ocorrido no ver??o de 1996, na Zona Oeste do Rio de Janeiro, utilizando-se o Sistema de Informa????es Geogr??ficas (SIG). As ??reas de risco foram estabelecidas segundo o mapeamento das regi??es sujeitas ?? inunda????o e de zonas em que h?? acumula????o de lixo dom??stico. Foram calculadas taxas de incid??ncia da doen??a pela raz??o entre o n??mero de casos e a popula????o total em cada uma dessas ??reas. Maiores taxas de incid??ncia foram verificadas dentro da regi??o sujeita ?? inunda????o e em torno daquelas de acumula????o de lixo. Os resultados evidenciam o papel de fatores de risco ambientais e coletivos na determina????o da doen??a.The environmental context in which a leptospirosis outbreak took place during the summer of 1996 in the Rio de Janeiro Western Region was examined by using spatial analysis of leptospirosis cases merged with socio-demographic data using Geographic Information System (GIS). Risk areas were mapped based on flood and solid waste accumulation information for the region. Incidence rates were calculated for each area by the division of number of cases per total population in the specific areas. Higher rates were observed for census tracts inside the flood risk area and in the vicinities of waste accumulation sites. These findings are in agreement with the expected risk of leptospirosis, evidencing the role of environmental and collective factors in the determination of the disease

Topics: Leptospirose, An??lise Espacial, Sistemas de Informa????o Geogr??fica, Surtos de Doen??as, Saneamento, Leptospirosis, Spatial Analysis, Geographical Information Systems, Sanitation
Publisher: Escola Nacional de Sa??de P??blica/ Funda????o Oswaldo Cruz
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_FIOCRUZ:oai:localhost:icict/649
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.rcaap.pt/detail.jsp... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.