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The relationship between Deltaic and Turbidite Succession at Cerro Bola (LR - Argentina) and Vidal Ramos (SC - Brazil)

By Carla Gimena Puigdomenech Negre

Abstract

The transport mechanism and deposition of sediments in deep water environments and their relationship with deltaic systems have captioned the attention of sedimentologists during the last decades due its importance as hydrocarbon reservoir. This work presents a comparative study of this kind of related deposits in two distinct areas with significant records of the Late Paleozoic glaciation of western Gondwana: (i) the well exposed deposits of Cerro Bola that belong to the Paganzo Group and (ii) the not so well exposed (but with potential economic interest) deposits of Rio do Sul Formation (Itarar?? Group) in Vidal Ramos, Paran?? basin. Cerro Bola records 1000 m of sediment corresponding to five glacial/deglacial cycles; this work focuses on the relationship between the upper part of Cycle 3 and 4, corresponding to Upper Turbidites and Fluviodeltaic 3, respectively. Based on the sedimentary features here presented, the Fluviodeltaic 3 is re-interpreted as a sand-rich submarine fan in which the high sedimentation rates are interpreted as related to tectonic activity. The area of Vidal Ramos exposes~ 400 m of the Itarar?? Group. This research focuses on the upper part of Rio do Sul Formation, which records deltaic sediments dominated by gravity flows in the lower part. The upper part is characterized by a sandy delta front progradation associated with an increased sediment supply. The data presented in this work shows that the delta front deposits under conditions of slope instability generated gravity flows which are deposited as turbidites in the distal delta front/prodelta and is related to the effects of deglacial conditions and phases of increased sediment supply to deep water environments. The results indicate that the two areas are not directly comparable due to distinct depositional processes and paleogeographic configurations. The thick succession of sandstones in Cerro Bola is interpreted as turbidite fan controlled by tectonic activities in a deep basin context, while in Vidal Ramos the identified progradational sandy delta front is produced by a phase of increased sediment supply related to deglacial processes

Topics: Geologia, Sedimentos, ACCNPQ::Ci??ncias Exatas e da Terra::Geologia
Publisher: Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.BDTD_UNISINOS:oai:www.repositorio.jesuita.org.br:UNISINOS/3097
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