Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

O Populismo nas elei????es de 1989: a constitui????o do povo nos discursos de Collor e Lula

By Luis Eduardo Sandim Benites

Abstract

A constru????o do estudo que se desenvolveu sobre as elei????es presidenciais de 1989 teve, por foco, a constitui????o dos discursos dos candidatos Fernando Collor de Mello e Lu??s In??cio Lula da Silva, no per??odo eleitoral compreendido entre o primeiro e segundo turnos do embate eleitoral. O trabalho de pesquisa foi realizado pela observa????o dos programas pol??ticos eleitorais, exibidos no hor??rio pol??tico eleitoral gratuito, obtido junto ao DOXA do IUPERJ (Laborat??rio de Comunica????o e Instituto) da UCAM/RJ (UNIVERSIDADE CANDIDO MENDES RIO DE JANEIRO). Tiveram-se, por material de investiga????o, alguns documentos de propostas formuladas pelos candidatos, localizados nos arquivos do Centro de Pesquisa e Documenta????o da Funda????o Get??lio Vargas (CPDOC/FGV). Da mesma forma, alguns dados sobre o tema foram obtidos em edi????es do per??odo em pesquisa, junto a edi????es da revista Veja e da literatura hist??rica sobre o governo de Jos?? Sarney. Desse modo, procurou-se elencar as condi????es do status quo na qual os discursos emergiram. As an??lises, a partir de categorias discursivas elaboradas no contexto da teoria de Ernesto Laclau e Chantal Mouffe, dentre outros seguidores, tamb??m serviram de instrumento de apropria????o dos eventos pol??ticos pesquisados, incidentes naquele espa??o de tempo. Dentre os instrumentos de an??lise discursiva que operacionalizaram este estudo, encontram-se o antagonismo e as l??gicas da diferen??a e equival??ncia, mecanismos que possibilitam uma verifica????o de como o discurso vem a ser constru??do ao longo daquele espa??o temporal. Ainda se p??de destacar os trabalhos acad??micos sobre populismo, como mentores das perspectivas de abordagem da pesquisa. Com destaque ?? categoria povo , sua constru????o ?? um dado essencial na compreens??o deste fen??meno pol??tico. Enseja, ainda, a articula????o de demandas, sentidos que, constitutivos de um meio social, podem resultar na forma????o de um discurso, quando trabalhados conjuntamente.The framing of this study on the 1989 presidential elections was focused on the ideological speech construction of the candidates, Fernando Collor de Mello and Luiz In??cio Lula da Silva during the campaigning period between the first and the second election polis. The research was conducted after the observation of the pre-election political programs exhibited during the carge-free TV prime-time political features, which material was obtained from the DOXA IUPERJ (The Institute and its Communication Laboratory), a department of the UCAM/RJ (Universidade C??ndido Mendes Rio de Janeiro). Some documents on the proposais presented by candidates. Which were located in the Get??lio Vargas Foundation (CP.DOC/FGV) Research and Documentation Center archives were also investigated. Some additionar data was obtained from copies of the veja magazine issues of that period and also from the historical literature pertaining to the Jos?? Sarney presidential administration. Then we tried to cast out the status quo condition during which both ideological discourses emerged. The analysis of discourse categories elaborated within the context of Ernesto Laclau's, Chantal Mouffe's, and their follower' also served as an instrument for the appropriation of the researched political events that shone upon that period. Among the discourse analysis elements operated along this study, the antagonism and the logical differences and equivalences can be mentioned, i. e., those mechanisms that allow for the verification on how the candidates respective ideological speecheswere constructed along that timeline. A few academic papers on populism that helped us in the role of mentors to straighten our own research approach perspective can also be pinpointed. Paramount among these was the categorization of the concept, people , as its construction makes up for essential data on the articulation of the demands concept, in the sense of constitutive elements of a social environment that may influence the build-up of a political discourse whenever jointly worked upo

Topics: Populismos, Povo, Status quo, Sentidos, Pol??tica, Articula????o, Populism, People, Status quo, Meanings, Politics, Articulation, CNPQ::CIENCIAS HUMANAS::CIENCIA POLITICA
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Pelotas
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_UFPEL:oai:repositorio.ufpel.edu.br:123456789/1546
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.rcaap.pt/detail.jsp... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.