Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The practical reasoning in Aristotle

By Fernando Rodrigues Montes D'OCA

Abstract

O objetivo deste trabalho ?? explicar de que modo se d?? o racioc??nio pr??tico em Arist??teles. Esta ?? uma delicada e controvertida quest??o da filosofia pr??tica aristot??lica, visto que em nenhum momento de sua obra o Estagirita se dedica a analisar detidamente o racioc??nio pr??tico. Em sua Ethica Nicomachea, Arist??teles trata da delibera????o, da prud??ncia e do silogismo pr??tico, mas n??o o vemos coordenar estes temas em um todo acabado, em uma teoria do racioc??nio pr??tico. A presente pesquisa prop??e-se a faz??-lo a fim de determinar precisamente como se d?? o racioc??nio pr??tico de um agente moral, desde seu in??cio, quando da apreens??o de uma concep????o de bem, at?? o seu t??rmino, quando da imin??ncia de uma a????o. Para tanto, procede-se a an??lise de conceitos importantes em torno da teoria do racioc??nio pr??tico. Inicialmente tratam-se dois temas preliminares: a felicidade e a virtude moral, e j?? na sequ??ncia se adentra ao tema do racioc??nio pr??tico ao se analisar os conceitos de escolha deliberada, de delibera????o e, sobretudo, de raz??o prudencial, visto sua opera????o cobrir uma parte consider??vel do racioc??nio pr??tico do agente moral. Mas o racioc??nio pr??tico n??o se explica por completo apenas com a compreens??o de tais temas e nem ele se resume ?? opera????o da raz??o prudencial. Tamb??m a teoria do silogismo pr??tico figura como um elemento importante na explica????o sobre como se d?? o racioc??nio pr??tico. Em decorr??ncia disto ?? dedicado neste trabalho um amplo espa??o ?? discuss??o do papel do silogismo pr??tico no corpus aristotelicum, bem como ?? compreens??o de que rela????o ele estabelece com a delibera????o. Determinado seu papel e identificada a esp??cie de rela????o que ele mant??m com a delibera????o, ??, finalmente, apresentado o mapa completo do racioc??nio pr??tico e ?? respondida a quest??o sobre como se d?? este racioc??nio em Arist??teles.The objective of this work is to explain how practical reasoning takes place in Aristotle. This is a delicate and controversial issue of the Aristotelian practical philosophy, since he did not dedicate any moment of his work the Stagirite to closely analyze the practical reasoning. In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle deals with deliberation, prudence, and practical syllogism, but we do not see him coordinate these themes as a concluded whole in a theory of the practical reasoning. This research aims to do so in order to precisely determine how the practical reasoning of a moral agent works, since its beginning, in the apprehension of a conception of the good, until its conclusion, in the imminence of an action. To do so this work undertakes an analysis of important conceptions about the theory of practical reasoning. Initially, two preliminary themes are dealt with: happiness and moral virtue, and right in sequence it goes deeper in the theme of practical reasoning analyzing the concepts of deliberate choice, of deliberation, and, most of all, of prudential reason, seeing that its operation covers a considerable part of the practical reasoning of the moral agent. But practical reasoning is not completely explained only by understanding such themes neither can it be limited to the operation of prudential reason. The theory of practical syllogism also appears as an important element in the explanation of how practical reasoning works. As a result of this, a large part of this research is dedicated to discussing the role of practical syllogism in the corpus aristotelicum, as well as to understanding the relationship it establishes with deliberation. Given its role and identified the kind of relationship it has with deliberation a complete map of practical reasoning is finally presented and the question about how practical reasoning in Aristotle works is then answered

Topics: Delibera????o, Prud??ncia, Silogismo pr??tico, Racioc??nio pr??tico, Deliberation, Prudence, Practical syllogism, Practical reasoning, CNPQ::CIENCIAS HUMANAS::FILOSOFIA
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Pelotas
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_UFPEL:oai:repositorio.ufpel.edu.br:123456789/1019
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.rcaap.pt/detail.jsp... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.