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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

By Raymundo Paraná, Galvão dos Reis, Luciano Kalabric Silva, Maria Betânia Souza da Silva, Gisele Barreto Lopes, Itatiana Ferreira Rodart, Fernando Quadros Costa, Nelma P. Santana and Aurelino Santana

Abstract

p.496-502The objective of the present study was to analyze HCV serological and virological parameters from hemophiliacs in the State of Bahia. Anti-HCV was investigated by ELISA in a cohort of 268 hemophiliacs A/B who were followed-up in a reference unit for hemotherapy in the State of Bahia. HCV viremia and genotypes were also determined from a subset of 66 anti-HCV seropositive hemophiliacs. Seroprevalence among hemophiliacs was 42.2% (95% CI 36.5-48.1) and was significantly higher (p<0.05) according to age >10 years, presence of factor VIII/IX inhibitory antibodies and other infection markers. None of the hemophiliacs less than 5 years of age were anti-HCV seropositive. Viremia was detectable in 77.3% (51/66). HCV genotype 1 (74%) was the most prevalent followed by genotype 3 (22%) and genotype 2 (4%). Our results indicate that HCV prevalence is still high among hemophiliacs, although HCV transmission was not observed in young hemophiliacs

Topics: Hepatitis C virus, Hemophilia, Prevalence, Genotype, Bahia
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:agregador.ibict.br.RI_UFBA:oai:192.168.11:11:ri/13490
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