Texto completo: acesso restrito. p.87–100The Una Group, Irecê Basin (Bahia state) is correlative with the better known Bambuí Group of the São Francisco Basin (Minas Gerais state); these basins are remnants of widespread carbonate platform that covers > 300 000 km2 of the São Francisco Craton in Brazil. The Irecê area contains a well-controlled stratigraphic succession hosting economic phosphate deposits and sulfide mineralization. Una Group strata comprise a basal siliciclastic sequence, mostly composed of glacial diamictites (Bebedouro Formation), followed by a carbonate succession that is several hundred meters thick, the Salitre Formation. An angular unconformity separates the two units. The carbonates of the Salitre Formation are characterized by 87Sr/86Sr ratios ranging between 0.70745 and 0.71776, and δ13C values ranging between −4.4 and +9.4‰ PDB. The carbonates also contain beds and nodules of barite and gypsum with highly positive δ34S values (+25.2 to +32.8‰ CDT). The ‘best preserved’ carbonate samples selected on the basis of their Mn and Sr concentrations as well as their ratios, yield 87Sr/86Sr values of 0.70745–0.70765. Comparison of these values with the secular strontium isotopic curve for the Neoproterozoic seawater suggests a 600 (to 670) Ma age for the Salitre Formation and for its correlative units in the São Francisco Basin
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