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Precambrian Research

By Karem Azmy, Alan J. Kaufman, Aroldo Misi and Tolentino Flávio de Oliveira


RESTRITOThe Lapa Formation is a thick carbonate sequence (∼900 m) that constitutes the upper part of the Vazante Group on the São Francisco craton, Brazil. It conformably overlies a previously unrecognized glacial diamictite unit of poorly constrained age. The sequence, above the glacial unconformity, consists predominantly of organic-rich shale, subtidal rhythmic dolomicrites and microbialaminites, and intertidal stromatolites. Four boreholes, spanning different depositional settings, were sampled at high-resolution and investigated for their petrographic and chemical criteria to evaluate their degree of preservation. The δ13C and δ18O values of well preserved Lapa carbonate microsamples range from −8.2‰ to 3.3‰ (VPDB) and from −13.6‰ to −0.9‰ (VPDB), respectively. Each of the δ13C profiles of the investigated cores reveals two strong negative excursions of up to 8‰, an event in post-glacial dolomicrites immediately above the glaciogenic unit and a 10 m interval of organic-rich shale, and a second near the top of the sequence associated with a shale interval. Based on the observation of dropstones and sedimentary iron formation in the underlying diamictite, as well as the distinguishable carbon isotope trends, the Lapa Formation is considered as a cap carbonate lithofacies. The age of the Lapa Formation is presently unknown but the least radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr value (∼0.7068), associated with a negative carbon isotope excursion, matches that from the Rasthof Formation in Namiba on the Congo craton, which is radiometrically constrained to be younger than ca. 750 Ma

Topics: Neoproterozoic carbonates, Stable isotope stratigraphy, Lapa Formation, Brazil
Publisher: Precambrian Research
Year: 2006
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