Location of Repository

N budget and NH3 exchange of a grass/clover crop at two levels of N application

By B. Herrmann, S. K. Jones, Jürg Fuhrer, Urs Feller and A. Neftel

Abstract

Atmospheric ammonia (NH3) exchange during a single growing season was measured over two grass/clover fields managed by cutting and treated with different rates of mineral nitrogen (N) fertilizer. The aim was to quantify the total NH3 exchange of the two systems in relation to their N budget, the latter was split into N derived from symbiotic fixation, from fertilization, and from the soil. The experimental site was located in an intensively managed agricultural area on the Swiss plateau. Two adjacent fields with mixtures of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.), cocks foot (Dactylis glomerata L.), white clover (Trifolium repens L.) and red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) were used. These were treated with either 80 or 160 kg N ha−1 applied as NH4NO3 fertilizer in equal portions after each of four cuts. Continuous NH3 flux measurements were carried out by micrometeorological techniques. To determine the contribution of each species to the overall NH3 canopy compensation point, stomatal NH3 compensation points of the individual plant species were determined on the basis of NH4+ + NH3 (NHx) concentrations and pH in the apoplast. Symbiotic N2 fixation was measured by the 15N dilution method

Topics: 580 Plants (Botany), 550 Earth sciences & geology
Publisher: Springer
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1023/A:1011961416623
OAI identifier: oai:boris.unibe.ch:81035
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:10... (external link)
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:10... (external link)
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:10... (external link)
  • http://boris.unibe.ch/81035/1/... (external link)
  • http://boris.unibe.ch/81035/ (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.