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Dynamics of the land use, land use change, and forestry sink in the European Union: the impacts of energy and climate targets for 2030

By S. Frank, H. Böttcher, M. Gusti, P. Havlík, G. Klaassen, G. Kindermann and M. Obersteiner

Abstract

A 2030 climate and energy policy framework was endorsed by the European Council in 2014. The main elements are a binding 40 % greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target compared to 1990, a renewable energy share of 27 %, and an energy savings target of at least 27 % by 2030. In this paper, we assess the impact of these targets on the European land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF) sector using a Europe focused global land use model linked with a detailed forest management model. We show that implementing a 40 % GHG emission reduction target by 2030 may only have a small negative impact on the domestic LULUCF sink if the additional biomass demand for energy is mostly met through ligno-cellulosic energy crops rather than forest removals. However, if the increased biomass demand were met through higher rates of forest harvest removals, a more negative impact on the LULUCF sink could be expected

Publisher: Springer
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s10584-016-1729-7
OAI identifier: oai:pure.iiasa.ac.at:13380
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