Location of Repository

Religious orientation, mental health and culture : conceptual and empirical perspectives

By Leslie J. Francis, Christopher Alan Lewis and Mandy Robbins


This special edition of Mental Health, Religion and Culture brings together thirteen original empirical studies that employ theories and measures based on the notion of ‘religious orientation’. As originally conceived, Allport’s notion of religious orientation distinguished between the two motivational styles of intrinsic religiosity and extrinsic religiosity. Subsequent work distinguished between extrinsic-personal and extrinsic social motivations, and added the third orientation styled as quest religiosity. The first set of seven studies draws on a variety of measures of religious orientation developed since the mid-1960s, including single-item measures. The second set of six studies draws on the New Indices of Religious Orientation proposed by Francis in 2007. Collectively these studies confirm the continuing vitality of the notion of religious orientation for informing empirical research within the psychology of religion and strengthen the foundation for future work in this area

Topics: BL
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:4148

Suggested articles



  1. (2010). A 17-year longitudinal study of religion and mental health in a Mormon sample. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, doi
  2. (2005). A new religious fundamentalism measure: Preliminary work based on the principle of intratextuality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion,
  3. (2004). A revised religious fundamentalism scale: The short and sweet of it. doi
  4. (2010). Aspects of identity in a British Christian sample. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, x-x. doi
  5. (1988). Enemies of freedom: Understanding right-wing authoritarianism. doi
  6. (2000). Essentials of MMPI-2 and MMPI-A interpretation, (2 nd ed.). Minneapolis, MN:
  7. (1991). Exploring neglected dimensions of religion in quality of life research. Lampeter,
  8. (2005). Faith and psychology: Personality, religion and the individual.
  9. (2005). Fundamentalism and authoritarianism. doi
  10. (1990). Intrinsic-extrinsic religious orientation: the boon or bane of contemporary psychology of religion. doi
  11. (1989). Intrinsic/extrinsic measurement: I/E-revised and single-item scales. doi
  12. (2007). Introducing the New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO): Conceptualisation and measurement. doi
  13. (1970). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. doi
  14. (1991). Measuring religion as quest: Reliability concerns. doi
  15. (1991). Measuring religion as quest: Validity concerns. doi
  16. (1967). Personal religious orientation and prejudice. doi
  17. (2010). Personality and religious orientation: Shifting sands or firm foundations? Mental Health, doi
  18. (1964). Prejudice and religious types: A focussed study of southern fundamentalists. doi
  19. (1971). Protestant ethic as a personality variable. doi
  20. (2010). Psychological type and religious orientation: Do introverts and extraverts go to church for different reasons? Mental Health, Religion and Culture, doi
  21. (1971). Psychological types: The collected works, volume 6. London: Routledge doi
  22. (2010). Religion and health: The application of a cognitive-behavioural framework. doi
  23. (2000). Religion, personality and wellbeing: The relationship between church attendance and purpose in life among undergraduates attending an Anglican College in Wales.
  24. (2010). Religious orientation, religious affiliation, and boundary maintenance: The case of polygamy. doi
  25. (1994). SF-36 physical and mental component summary measures: A user’s manual.
  26. (2010). The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO) among cathedral worshippers in the United Kingdom. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, doi
  27. (2010). The Intratextual Fundamentalism Scale: Cross-cultural application, validity evidence, and relationship with religious orientation and the big 5 factor markers. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, doi
  28. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping: Theory, research and practice. London: doi
  29. (2010). The relationship between religious orientation, personality and purpose in life among an older Methodist sample. doi
  30. (2010). The relationship of intrinsic, extrinsic and quest religious orientations to Jungian psychological type among churchgoers in England and Wales. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, doi
  31. (1982). The religious experience: A social psychological perspective. doi
  32. (2010). Trait anxiety and measure of religiosity in four cultural settings. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, x-x doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.