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Specifics of nursing care for bariatric patients



This work focuses on the specific nursing care of bariatric patients. Bariatric surgery is an important branch, which effectively solves the problems of long-term morbid obesity and its comorbidities, both physical and mental. The patient undergoes planned bariatric procedures, such as, for example, the application of gastric banding and gastric sleeve. For a successful course of treatment the patient should be thoroughly educated about adhering to the regime of follow up measures that are essential for success. The aim of this study was to determine the specifics of the long-term care of patients after bariatric procedures. To attain this goal three research questions were set up. The first focused on finding out the specifics of the long-term care of patients after bariatric procedures. The second research question focused on information about the permanent change in lifestyle of the patient after bariatric procedures. In the third research question the long-term regime of follow up measures after bariatric procedures was addressed. Qualitative research conducted in the county of South Moravia was used in the research part. A semi-structured interview was chosen as a data collection technique. The research group consisted of seven women and one man. Interviews were processed through case studies and the most interesting results are given in categorization tables. The research results showed that patients have information on lifestyle change and understand it. Unfortunately, out of the 8 respondents, 6 respondents have problems adhering to the regime of follow up measures. The longer the respondents are post-surgery, the harder it is for them. The most frequent problem was the use of vitamin supplements, followed by keeping up physical activity and the removal of favorite foods. The long term follow up among respondents is without problems, except for one respondent who is seven years post- surgery. Other respondents stated that they regularly attend obesity and bariatric clinics. Educational material for patients who have had bariatric surgery was created based on this information. It focuses on long-term nursing care for bariatric surgery in the field of dietary measures, follow-up, physical activity and psychological care

Topics: nursing care; Bariatrická chirurgie; Bariatric surgery; ošetřovatelská péče; obezita; diet; pohyb; dieta; obesity; movement
Year: 2012
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