Bachelor's thesis is focuses on the operation of the distribution system in the Czech Republic and the use of new types of cables in the world. It describes the characteristics, division and use of overhead lines and cable lines. This work also deals the division and control DC networks, their advantages and disadvantages. In superconducting cables is engaged in their development, advantages and disadvantages. Describes their application and use in the future. It also describes the parameters affecting the properties of the ropes and the cables of the AC and DC wiring and ways to mitigate the negative effects on the ropes and on the surrounding environment. Work deals with measurement and counting of the laboratory models for their optimization. Finally, the work describes a proposal of new laboratory model for the measurement and stating components, which are needed for optimization models and the production of a new mode
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