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Development of high-strength concrete defined properties with the use of secondary raw materials

By Michal Ondráček

Abstract

Civil engineering development is connected with the application of new construction methods and the development of new building materials. Concrete, as one of the basic building materials, is part of this development. A major turning point in the development of concrete and its properties occurred with the use of new, more efficient plasticizing additives. This allowed to produce concrete with lower water cement ratio, while increasing the strength of concrete. Gradually, the compressive strength of concrete boundary has moved by several levels, when there are currently commonly used concrete with strength of about 100 N/mm2 and with the special methods of concrete production strength range from 250 to 300 N/mm2. A negative aspect of the development of (ultra) high-strength concrete is their energy and economic demands. A characteristic feature of high-strength concrete is a high content of cement and very fine admixtures, especially silica fume. One way to improve the economics of these types of concrete is the application of cheaper admixture based on industrial waste. The content of this work is the observation and description of the properties of high-strength concrete and reactive powder concrete, in which the admixtures were based on industrial waste were applied. Part of this work is the comparison of economic parameters for individual types of concrete

Topics: High strength concrete; cihelný prach; reaktivní práškový kompozit; silica fume; ground limestone; blast furnace slag; modulus of elasticity.; mletý vápenec; pevnost v tlaku; křemičitý úlet; fly ash; Vysokopevnostní beton; ground ceramics; vysokopecní struska; compressive strength; popílek; reactive powder concrete; modul pružnosti.; metakaolin
Publisher: Vysoké učení technické v Brně. Fakulta stavební
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:invenio.nusl.cz:233787
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