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Evaluation of the effect of different stretching patterns on force decay and tensile properties of elastomeric ligatures

By Amin Aminian, Samaneh Nakhaei, Raha Habib Agahi, Masoud Rezaeizade, Hamed Mirzazadeh Aliabadi and Majid Heidarpour


Background: There have been numerous researches on elastomeric ligatures, but clinical conditions in different stages of treatment are not exactly similar to laboratory conditions. The aim of this in vitro study was to simulate clinical conditions and evaluate the effect of three stretching patterns on the amount of force, tensile strength (TS) and extension to TS of the elastomers during 8 weeks. Materials and Methods: Forces, TS and extension to TS of two different brands of elastomers were measured at initial, 24 h and 2, 4, and 8-week intervals using a testing machine. During the study period, the elastomers were stored in three different types of jig (uniform stretching, 1 and 3 mm point stretching) designed by the computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technique in order to simulate the different stages of orthodontic treatment. Results: The elastomeric ligatures under study exhibited a similar force decay pattern. The maximum force decay occurred during the first 24 h (49.9% ± 15%) and the amount of force decay was 75.7% ± 8% after 8 weeks. In general, the TS decreased during the study period, and the amount of extension to TS increased. Conclusion: Although the elastic behavior of all ligatures under study was similar, the amount of residual force, TS and extension to TS increased in elastomers under point stretching pattern

Topics: Elastomeric ligatures, extension to tensile strength, force decay, tensile strength, Dentistry, RK1-715
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.4103/1735-3327.170587
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e062a0bd30de4834b218d7d3b0b33d7c
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