In modern conditions of political instability the appeal to historical experience is especially important. Consideration of activity of orthodox clergy at the beginning of the twentieth century, on the one hand, allows estimating its role at lives of the Russian society, with another to track interrelation between spiritual crises and strengthening of revolutionary moods in Russia. In this work the complex analysis of relationship of the Kuban society and clergy at the beginning of the twentieth century for the first time is given, special attention is paid to the factors that played an important role in the growth of anti-clerical sentiment. In the article the contribution of priests to culture of Kuban is considered as well. It occupies a special place coverage outreach and philanthropy. In the research, the attention is focused on diverse structure of the Kuban clergy that found reflection in their miscellaneous social and in the material status. All of this has contributed to the presence of three movements in the ranks of the priesthood of the Kuban. Shortly before revolution the part of the Kuban church clergy supported cardinal changes in life of Church, others were supporters of moderate reforms, the third were opponents of all changes. Based on the analysis of archival documents in an article released in the specifics of the position of the Orthodox clergy Kuban from other regions of Russia. In this article it is convincingly proved that the authority of Russian Orthodox Church was much higher here that found reflection levels of moral development of society. Unlike the central provinces spiritual crisis was much weaker here; less all Cossacks were subject to its influence. All this promoted preservation of monarchic moods and among the most part of residents of Kuban. Therefore, the news of the overthrow of the monarchy, the establishment of Soviet power there was perceived negatively by the majority of inhabitant
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