Location of Repository

Male obesity and subfertility, is it really about increased adiposity?

By Nicole O McPherson and Michelle Lane

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in reproductive-aged men is increasing worldwide, with >70% of men >18 years classified as overweight or obese in some western nations. Male obesity is associated with male subfertility, impairing sex hormones, reducing sperm counts, increasing oxidative sperm DNA damage and changing the epigenetic status of sperm. These changes to sperm function as a result of obesity, are further associated with impaired embryo development, reduced live birth rates and increased miscarriage rates in humans. Animal models have suggested that these adverse reproductive effects can be transmitted to the offspring; suggesting that men's health at conception may affect the health of their children. In addition to higher adiposity, male obesity is associated with comorbidities, including metabolic syndrome, hypercholesterolemia, hyperleptinemia and a pro-inflammatory state, all which have independently been linked with male subfertility. Taken together, these findings suggest that the effects of male obesity on fertility are likely multifactorial, with associated comorbidities also influencing sperm, pregnancy and subsequent child health

Topics: embryo; fertility; infertility; inflammation; metabolic syndrome; sperm, Diseases of the genitourinary system. Urology, RC870-923
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.4103/1008-682X.148076
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e27892343fad427a8c9301e95b8235c1
Journal:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • https://doaj.org/toc/1745-7262 (external link)
  • https://doaj.org/toc/1008-682X (external link)
  • http://ajandrology.com/article... (external link)
  • https://doaj.org/article/e2789... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.