Analysis and modeling of solar irradiance variations


A prominent manifestation of the solar dynamo is the 11-year activity cycle, evident in indicators of solar activity, including solar irradiance. Although a relationship between solar activity and the brightness of the Sun had long been suspected, it was only directly observed after regular satellite measurements became available with the launch of Nimbus-7 in 1978. The measurement of solar irradiance from space is accompanied by the development of models aimed at describing the apparent variability by the intensity excess/deficit effected by magnetic structures in the photosphere. The more sophisticated models, termed semi-empirical, rely on the intensity spectra of photospheric magnetic structures generated with radiative transfer codes from semi-empirical model atmospheres. An established example of such models is SATIRE-S (Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction for the Satellite era). One key limitation of current semi-empirical models is the fact that the radiant properties of network and faculae are not adequately represented due to the use of plane-parallel model atmospheres (as opposed to three-dimensional model atmospheres). This thesis is the compilation of four publications, detailing the results of investigations aimed at setting the groundwork necessary for the eventual introduction of three-dimensional atmospheres into SATIRE-S and a review of the current state of the measurement and modelling of solar irradiance. Also presented is an update of the SATIRE-S model. We generated a daily reconstruction of total and spectral solar irradiance, covering 1974 to the present, that is more reliable and, in most cases, extended than similar reconstructions from contemporary models

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oaioai:cds.cern.ch:1976766Last time updated on 8/9/2016

This paper was published in CERN Document Server.

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