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Different Tools for the Assessment of Bone Mass among Egyptian Adults

By Nayera E. Hassan, Sahar A. El-Masry, Rokia A. El-Banna and Mohamed S. El Hussieny

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Several tools such as, dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and self-assessment tool (OST), are being used for diagnosis of osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE: to compare the sensitivity and specify detection rate of bone mineral density (BMD) changes for DXA versus QCT and OST among a sample of Egyptian adults of both sexes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a cross sectional one, which included 62 Egyptians, aged 20-65 years.  Each individual was assessed for BMD using DXA at femur and spine sites; QCT and OST which take into account body weight and age. Accordingly they were diagnosed as either osteoporotic/osteopenic or normal. RESULTS: The highest prevalence of osteopenia or osteoporosis was diagnosed among menopause women. DXA at femur has diagnosed more cases of osteoporosis (both osteopenic and osteoporotic) as compared to spine DXA or QCT, but OST is out of rang; as it failed to diagnose any case. CONCLUSION: DXA has been found to be more efficacious than QCT scan in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. DXA in femur is better than DXA-spine and QCT. Generally, DXA is the "gold standard" when assessing osteoporosis. Further studies are needed to modify the equation of OST and confirm its efficiency in Egyptians population

Topics: Dual X-ray absorptiometry, Quantitative computed tomography, Self-assessment tool, Bone mineral density, Adults, Egyptians., Medicine, R
Publisher: ID Design 2012/DOOEL Skopje
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.3889/oamjms.2014.100
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e47c72c364424635b7eac85146b1847a
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