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Acute kidney injury in neonatal age

By Giovanni Ottonello, Angelica Dessì, Paola Neroni, Maria Elisabetta Trudu, Danila Manus and Vassilios Fanos

Abstract

<p>Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a pathology characterized by a sudden decrease in kidney function that results in the accumulation of nitrogenous waste products and alteration of the regulation of extracellular fluid volume, electrolytes, and acid-base homeostasis. Previously known as acute renal failure (ARF), in the most recent classifications the term “failure” is used <span>only in conditions requiring renal replacement therapy, peritoneal dialysis or </span>hemodialysis. The diagnosis and therapy of AKI, especially in the neonatal period, still present great difficulties and are the subject of ongoing research in the attempt to improve the prognosis of a pathology still featuring high rates of morbidity and mortality.</p><p> </p><p><span> </span></p> <p><strong>Proceedings of the International Course on Perinatal Pathology (part of the 10</strong><span><strong><sup>th</sup></strong></span><strong> International Workshop on Neonatology · October 22</strong><span><strong><sup>nd</sup></strong></span><strong>-25</strong><span><strong><sup>th</sup></strong></span><strong>, 2014) · Cagliari (Italy) · October 25</strong><span><strong><sup>th</sup></strong></span><strong>, 2014 · <em>The role of the clinical pathological dialogue in problem solving</em></strong></p> <p><strong>Guest Editors: Gavino Faa, Vassilios Fanos, Peter Van Eyken</strong></p

Topics: acute kidney injury, acute renal failure, newborn, preterm, RIFLE, biomarkers, therapy, Medicine, R, Pediatrics, RJ1-570
Publisher: Hygeia Press di Corridori Marinella
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.7363/030246
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e4fe381cac2e4363990a3911e70006c1
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