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Genetic analysis of the relationship between bone mineral density and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 gene polymorphisms.

By Jiayong Yi, Yu Cai, Zhenjun Yao and Jianping Lin


BACKGROUND: A number of studies have examined the association between the polymorphisms of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 gene (LRP5), but previous results have been inconclusive. Thus we performed a meta-analysis of studies on the association between the LRP5 polymorphisms and bone mineral density (BMD) to assess their pooled effects. METHODS: Published literature from PubMed, EMBASE and ISI web of science were searched for eligible publications. Weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using fixed- or random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 19 studies with 25773 subjects were considered in this meta-analysis. Of them, 17 examined the association between the A1330V polymorphism and BMD, 8 were focused on the V667M polymorphism, and 2 analyzed the Q89R polymorphism. Individuals with the A1330V AA genotype showed significantly higher BMD than those with the AV/VV genotypes [at lumbar spine (LS): WMD = 0.02 g/cm², 95% CI = 0.01-0.03, P < 10⁻⁴; at femur neck (FN): WMD = 0.01 g/cm², 95% CI = 0.00-0.02, P = 0.01] or VV genotype (at LS: WMD = 0.02 g/cm², 95% CI = 0.01-0.04, P = 0.01). Significant associations were also detected in the analysis for V667M (VV vs. VM/MM: WMD at LS = 0.02 g/cm², 95% CI = 0.02-0.03, P < 10⁻⁵; WMD at FN = 0.01 g/cm², 95% CI = 0.01-0.02, P = 0.0002). As for Q89R, subjects with the QQ genotype tended to have higher BMD than those with the QR/RR genotypes at FN (WMD = 0.03 g/cm², 95% CI = 0.01-0.05, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrated that the LRP5 polymorphisms may be modestly associated with BMD of LS and FN

Topics: Medicine, R, Science, Q
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
DOI identifier: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085052
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