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Blunt traumatic injury in the Arab Middle Eastern populations

By Mohammad Asim, Ayman El-Menyar, Hassan Al-Thani, Husham Abdelrahman, Ahmad Zarour and Rifat Latifi

Abstract

Background: Trauma represents a global public health concern with an estimated 5 million deaths annually. Moreover, the incidence of blunt traumatic injuries (BTI) particularly road traffic accidents (RTAs) and workplace-related injuries are rising throughout the world-wide. Objectives: We aimed to review the epidemiology and prevention of BTI, in the Arab Middle East. Materials and Methods: A traditional narrative literature review was carried out using PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE search engines. We used the keywords "traumatic injuries," "blunt" "epidemiology," "Arab Middle East" between December 1972 and March 2013. Results: The most common mechanisms of BTI in our region are RTAs, falls from height, struck by heavy objects and pedestrian motor vehicle trauma crashes. The rate of RTA and occupational injuries are markedly increased in the region due to rapid industrial development, extreme climatic conditions and unfamiliar working environment. However, lack of reliable information on these unintentional injuries is mainly responsible for the underestimation of this trauma burden. This knowledge deficit shields the extent of the problem from policy makers, leading to continued fatalities. These preventable injuries in turn add to the overall financial burden on the society through loss of productivity and greater need of medical and welfare services. Conclusion: In the Arab Middle East, population-based studies on the incidence, mechanism of injury, prevention and outcome of BTI are not well-documented. Therefore, region-specific BTI studies would strengthen surveillance to better understand the burden of these injuries in the region

Topics: Arab Middle East, blunt traumatic injuries, fall, pedestrians, road traffic accident, Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid, RC86-88.9
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.4103/0974-2700.130878
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:eaa92027f0574cf485764efa46f9198f
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