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Peripheral splittings of groups

By B. H. Bowditch


We define the notion of a "peripheral splitting" of a group. This\ud is essentially a representation of the group as the fundamental group of a bipartite\ud graph of groups, where all the vertex groups of one colour are held\ud fixed - the "peripheral subgroups". We develop the theory of such splittings\ud and prove an accessibility result. The theory mainly applies to relatively hyperbolic\ud groups with connected boundary, where the peripheral subgroups are\ud precisely the maximal parabolic subgroups. We show that if such a group admits\ud a non-trivial peripheral splitting, then its boundary has a global cut point.\ud Moreover, the non-peripheral vertex groups of such a splitting are themselves\ud relatively hyperbolic. These results, together with results from elsewhere, show\ud that under modest constraints on the peripheral subgroups, the boundary of\ud a relatively hyperbolic group is locally connected if it is connected. In retrospect,\ud one further deduces that the set of global cut points in such a boundary\ud has a simplicial treelike structure

Topics: QA
Publisher: American Mathematical Society
Year: 2001
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