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Domain variance and superstructure across the antiferroelectric/ferroelectric phase boundary in Pb1−1.5xLax(Zr0.9TiM0.1)O3

By Jesper Knudsen, David I. Woodward and I. M. Reaney

Abstract

Transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, relative permittivity as a\ud function of temperature, and polarization versus field loops were used to study the\ud antiferroelectric/ferroelectric (AFE/FE) phase boundary in Pb1−1.5xLaxZr0.9Ti0.1O3\ud (PLZT, 100x/90/10) ceramics. X-ray diffraction and electrical measurements indicated\ud a FE rhombohedral (R) to AFE tetragonal (T) phase transition between PLZT 2/90/10\ud and 4/90/10. Both phases exhibited superstructure reflections in electron-diffraction\ud patterns at 1⁄2{hkl} positions consistent with rotations of the octahedra in antiphase.\ud Previously, neutron diffraction suggested that the FER has an a−a−a− tilt system\ud (Glazer notation), in agreement with its macroscopic symmetry. By analogy, it is\ud proposed that the AFET phase has an a0a0c− tilt system. The AFE phase was also\ud characterized by incommensurate superstructure along pseudocubic 〈110〉p directions,\ud whereas the FE phase had extra commensurate superlattice reflections at 1⁄2{hk0}p\ud positions. 1⁄2{hk0}p reflections are forbidden in both tilt systems, but their presence is\ud explained by Pb ion displacements averaged along 〈111〉 but with short coherence\ud antiparallel components along 〈110〉 directions. The antiparallel Pb displacements are\ud coupled to an a−b−b− (a ≈ b) monoclinic tilt system in the vicinity of the AFE/FE\ud boundary

Topics: QC
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:4531

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Citations

  1. (1975). Acta Crystallogr. doi
  2. (1997). et al.: Domain variance and superstructure across the antiferroelectric/ferroelectric phase boundary in

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