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Characterization of STF-filled foam systems for use in energy absorption devices

By 1980- Jose G. (Jose Guadalupe) Ramirez

Abstract

The absorption of energy during impacts is ubiquitous in society. From our car seats to body armor, the ability to divert or dissipate unwanted energy is an aspect that has many engineering challenges. One approach to this issue is the use of fluid-filled elastomeric foams. In the present thesis, the fluid within these foams is a non-Newtonian shear-thickening fluid composed of 300 nm silica particles suspended in a solvent, ethylene glycol, at high concentrations, 45-55 %. The field of energy absorption using elastomeric foams has been extensively researched in industry. In addition, the effects and mechanism driving shear-thickening fluids (STF's) has also been well studied in industries involving particle suspensions, such as paints and medical applications. This research intends to combine the analysis of these two systems in an effort to characterize advanced energy absorption mechanism. It was found that the primary factors dominating fluid filled foams containing this STF are the volume fractions and compressional strain rate. In addition, the energy absorption capability of these foams has been compared to that of 'dry' foams and Newtonian-fluid filled foams, and has demonstrated an increase in energy absorption capabilities.by Jose G. Ramirez.Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2004.Includes bibliographical references (leaf 44)

Topics: Mechanical Engineering.
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.mit.edu:1721.1/32777
Provided by: DSpace@MIT
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