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Graphical construction of cardinal points from the transference

By W. F. Harris

Abstract

<p>Usually nodal, principal and focal points are defined independently and thought of as distinct structures with no simple relationship among them.  By adopting a holistic approach, in which these threetypes of cardinal points are treated as particular cases of a larger class of special points, this paper develops a method of constructing the locations of the cardinal points of a system graphically directly from the transference.  The method provides a useful way of visualising the relationship of the locations of the cardinal points and of how they are affected by changes in the system or when a second optical system is placed in front of the first.  Thepaper illustrates the graphical procedure by apply-ing it in several situations of interest in optometryand ophthalmology, including the effect of a contact lens or refractive surgery on a reduced eye and the effect of accommodation, a spectacle lens and an afocal telescope on the Gullstrand-Emsley<br />schematic eye. (S Afr Optom 2011 70(1) 3-13)</p

Topics: Cardinal point, nodal point, principal point, focal point, transference, Ophthalmology, RE1-994
Publisher: AOSIS
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.4102/aveh.v70i1.88
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:c074ff5a7ac5409aadeaac0f01e2498c
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