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Fasting, justification, and self-righteousness in Luke 18:9–14: A social-scientific interpretation as response to Friedrichson

By Steven H. Mathews and Ernest van Eck

Abstract

This article provides a social-scientific interpretation of the role of fasting in Jesus’ parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector in Luke 18:9–14. Specifically, the article considers such social realia as honour and shame, collectivism, and purity in the interpretation of the text. The textual and social contexts of the text are considered. It is contended that in the parable Jesus presents a caricature of both the Pharisee and the tax collector to make a larger point, in which fasting is not a major consideration. The article also evaluates Friedrichson’s interpretation of this text, which depicts the Pharisee as fasting vicariously, resulting in the justification of the tax collector. Finally, the significance of this text in a holistic theology of fasting in the New Testament is considered

Topics: Fasting, parable of the Pharisee and tax collector, the gospel of Luke, social-scientific interpretation, vicarious fasting, theology of fasting, The Bible, BS1-2970, Practical Theology, BV1-5099
Publisher: AOSIS
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.4102/hts.v69i1.1957
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:844241b3b5a749c7acfe816bdbd3e602
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