This article discusses the production of a <em>genealogical </em>text in Chronicles (1 Chron. 2:3-4:23) which probably served as a key to membership within a collective <em>community </em>in the province of Yehud in the <em>Persian period</em> of the Second Temple era. The article starts with a discussion of how genealogies work in Southern Africa: firstly, within a particular church community ravished by racial tensions, secondly, within the African community during <em>Nelson Mandela's</em> presidential inauguration and thirdly, albeit briefly, within the context of Swazi <em>praise songs</em>, where the ideological role of genealogies serves to bolster traditional values. Because it is accepted that in ancient societies writing directly relates to power in ancient societies, the problem of <em>elite groups</em> in society is discussed before the text of 1 Chronicles 2:3-4:23 is analysed. The latter text is discussed with relation to Joel Weinberg's thesis of the <em>bêt ’abót</em>, the <em>strange women</em> in Ezra and Nehemia, and the influence of the <em>Persian administration</em> on the inhabitants of the Ancient Near East. Finally, the elite community is seen as a group of loyal Persian administrators, despite the fact that they were (the) children of exiles
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