Location of Repository

Reactions of palladium bisphosphine complexes relevant to catalytic C-C bond formation

By 1977- Ivory Derrick Hills

Abstract

In Part I the development of a new method for the construction of oxindoles and benzofuranones bearing quaternary stereocenters is discussed. A planar-chiral PPY derivative catalyzes the O-to-C acyl group migration (Black rearrangement) in a highly efficient and enantioselective manner. The utility of this method is further demonstrated by the formal total synthesis of the natural product aplysin. In Part II reactivity of bisphosphine palladium-complexes is discussed. It is shown that the oxidative addition of bisphosphine palladium-complexes bearing P(t-Bu₂)Me occurs through an SN2-type mechanism. This discovery allows us rationalize the difference in catalytic activity between Pd(P(t-Bu₂)Me)₂ and Pd(P(t-Bu₂)Et)₂ for the cross-coupling of alkyl electrophiles. The reductive elimination of H-X from bisphosphine palladium-hydride complexes is also discussed. The discovery that (P(t-Bu)₃)₂PdHCl undergoes facile reductive elimination in the presence of Cy₂NMe, while (PCy₃)₂PdHCl does not, is explained using X-ray crystal structures. These reactivity patterns may help to explain why Pd(P(t-Bu)₃)₂ is a much better catalyst than Pd(PCy₃)₂ for the Heck coupling of aryl chlorides. Finally, Part III describes preliminary work on a palladium-hydride catalyzed isomerization of allylic alcohols as well as initial attempts to study the mechanism of nickel-catalyzed cross-couplings of secondary alkyl-electrophiles.by Ivory Derrick Hills.Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Chemistry, 2004.Includes bibliographical references

Topics: Chemistry.
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.mit.edu:1721.1/28699
Provided by: DSpace@MIT

Suggested articles

Preview


To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.