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A trajectory piecewise-linear approach to model order reduction of nonlinear dynamical systems

By 1975- Michał Jerzy Rewieński

Abstract

(cont.) Finally, we present projection schemes which result in improved accuracy of the reduced order TPWL models, as well as discuss approaches leading to guaranteed stable and passive TPWL reduced-order models.In this study we discuss the problem of Model Order Reduction (MOR) for a class of nonlinear dynamical systems. In particular, we consider reduction schemes based on projection of the original state-space to a lower-dimensional space e.g. by using Krylov methods. In the nonlinear case, however, applying a projection-based MOR scheme does not immediately yield computationally efficient macromodels. In order to overcome this fundamental problem, we propose to first approximate the original nonlinear system with a weighted combination of a small set of linearized models of this system, and then reduce each of the models with an appropriate projection method. The linearized models are generated about a state trajectory of the nonlinear system corresponding to a certain 'training' input. As demonstrated by results of numerical tests, the obtained trajectory quasi-piecewise-linear reduced order models are very cost-efficient, while providing superior accuracy as compared to existing MOR schemes, based on single-state Taylor's expansions. In this dissertation, the proposed MOR approach is tested for a number of examples of nonlinear dynamical systems, including micromachined devices, analog circuits (discrete transmission line models, operational amplifiers), and fluid flow problems. The tests validate the extracted models and indicate that the proposed approach can be effectively used to obtain system-level models for strongly nonlinear devices. This dissertation also shows an inexpensive method of generating trajectory piecewise-linear (TPWL) models based on constructing the reduced models 'on-the-fly', which accelerates simulation of the system response. Moreover, we propose a procedure for estimating simulation errors, which can be used to determine accuracy of the extracted trajectory piecewise-linear reduced order models.by Michał Jerzy Rewieński.Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2003.Includes bibliographical references (p. 117-126)

Topics: Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.mit.edu:1721.1/28273
Provided by: DSpace@MIT

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