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The effects of mechanical coupling on the electrical impedance of MEMS resonators for UHF filter applications

By 1979- Luke A. (Luke Alfred) Hohreiter

Abstract

(cont.) This thesis presents finite elements based simulations of electromechanical transfer functions for resonator and filter geometries. These Finite Element Analysis (FEA) simulations are performed using the ANSYS software and demonstrate the significance of mechanical coupling between MEMS longitudinal-mode bar (L-Bar) resonators. An analytical model and equivalent circuit are derived for a single L-Bar resonator. The analytical derivation is validated with an FEA model having the same material parameters and boundary conditions. The center frequency and resonant impedance produced by the FEA model are within 1% of the analytical values. A boundary condition study is undertaken to determine the sensitivity of the L-Bar resonator model to changes in the peripheral geometry and displacement constraints. A comparison of FEA results indicates that a simple resonator model with only tether supports yields impedance and center frequency values comparable to those of more complex geometries. When compared to initial experimental results from an actual resonator, the simulated electrical output corresponds well to the actual transfer function. This study also introduces a method for calculating the parameters of the resonator's equivalent circuit model from simulated (or measured) transfer function data. The method is tested on simulation data for which a mechanical Quality factor is designated. Comparing the prescribed mechanical Q to the extracted circuit Q provides a consistency check for the technique. The parameter extraction technique is a useful first attempt to devise a comprehensive method for determining circuit parameters that will reliably reproduce the transfer function of an actual resonator. Finally, a new resonator topology(cont.) is presented that employs mechanical coupling between L-Bar resonators to improve upon the output of a single bar and create alternative configurations for filter design at Draper. The new coupled bar geometry can be configured as either a single-port resonator or a multi-port filter. The benefits of mechanical coupling are investigated for both configurations. In discussion of future work, optimized filter parameters are presented, along with suggestions for achieving these values.by Luke A. Hohreiter.Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2004.Includes bibliographical references (p. 137-138)

Topics: Mechanical Engineering.
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.mit.edu:1721.1/27080
Provided by: DSpace@MIT

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