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Women with HIV: individual characteristics and cervical cancer prevention

By Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão, Julyana Gomes Freitas, Ênia Costa, Ivana Cristina Vieira de Lima, Daniele Mary Silva de Brito and Maria Albertina Rocha Diógenes

Abstract

This research aimed to describe individual, gynecological and sexual characteristics in women with HIV/AIDS. Thirty-four women were assessed at a reference service for cancer control in Fortaleza, Ceara-Brazil in 2008, using interviews and cervi­cal secretion collection. Participants’ ages ranged from 17 to 54 years, 67.7% had aids, 55.8% belonged to low socioeconomic level, 44.1% were married, 94.1% informed up to three sexual partners in the previous year and 52.9% reported an annual cervical cancer examination. Among the women who mentioned an earlier sexually transmitted disease, 66.6% informed the Human Papillomavirus. In the prevention exam, 9.6% presented injuries that suggested cell alterations and 5.8% low-degree intra-epithelial lesion. It was concluded that the women who were infected by HIV/aids present strong risks that contribute to the early development of cervical cancer

Topics: HIV;, Cervix Neoplasms Prevention;, Nursing, Nursing, RT1-120
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Ceará
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:bc72d779be5f4cbc8b746d28c2b0b579
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