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Myeloid Nuclear Differentiation Antigen, Neutrophil Apoptosis and Sepsis

By Eric eMilot, Nasser eFotouhi-Ardakani and Janos G Filep

Abstract

Sepsis and septic shock are characterized by prolonged inflammation and delayed resolution, which are associated with suppression of neutrophil apoptosis. The role of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway and intracellular factors in regulation of neutrophil apoptosis remain incompletely understood. We previously reported that the nuclear factor MNDA (myeloid nuclear differentiation antigen) is fundamental to execution of the constitutive neutrophil death program. During neutrophil apoptosis MNDA is cleaved by caspases and relocated to the cytoplasm. However, when challenged with known mediators of sepsis, human neutrophils of healthy donors or neutrophils from patients with sepsis exhibited impaired MNDA relocation/cleavage parallel with MCL-1 accumulation and suppression of apoptosis. MNDA knockdown in a model cell line indicated that upon induction of apoptosis, MNDA promotes proteasomal degradation of MCL-1, thereby aggravating mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, MNDA is central to a novel nucleus-mitochondrion circuit that promotes progression of apoptosis. Disruption of this circuit contributes to neutrophil longevity, thereby identifying MNDA as a potential therapeutic target in sepsis and other inflammatory pathologies

Topics: Inflammation, Mitochondria, Neutrophils, Sepsis, Mcl-1, MNDA, Immunologic diseases. Allergy, RC581-607
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fimmu.2012.00397
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:be9ef5cf78b44cc291a2acae97933ce7
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