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Floppy mode degeneracy and decoupling of constraint predictions in supercooled borate and silicate liquids

By Bruno ePoletto Rodrigues and Lothar eWondraczek


The theory of temperature-dependent topological constraints has been used to successfully explain the compositional dependence of glass properties for oxide and non-oxide compositions. It relates the number of topological degrees of freedom with the glass transition temperature through the configurational entropy of the system. Based on this, we estimated the number of degrees of freedom directly from viscosity measurements of binary alkali borate and silicate glasses. Both approaches exhibit a strong decoupling, which we suggest can be traced to the presence of medium- and long-range constraints that are not taken into account by bond constraint counting. The observed variation of the energy barrier for structural rearrangement and floppy mode degeneracy also corroborate our interpretation. We provide evidence that the degeneracy of floppy modes changes with chemical composition and that the parameter K(x) of the MYEGA viscosity equation could be used to assess changes in the medium-range order

Topics: Borates, Glass, Silicates, Viscosity, topological constraint theory, Technology, T
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fmats.2014.00032
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