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Multifunctional Gold-Mesoporous Silica Nanocomposites for Enhanced Two-Photon Imaging and Therapy of Cancer Cells

By Jonas G Croissant, Christian eQi, Marie eMaynadier, Xavier eCattoën, Michel eWONG CHI MAN, Laurence eRaehm, Olivier eMongin, Mireille eBlanchard-Desce, Marcel eGarcia, Magali eGary-Bobo and Jean-Olivier eDurand

Abstract

Three dimensional sub-micron resolution has made two-photon nanomedicine a very promising medical tool for cancer treatment since current techniques cause significant side effects for lack of spatial selectivity. Two-photon-excited (TPE) photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been achieved via mesoporous nanoscaffolds, but the efficiency of the treatment could still be improved. Herein, we demonstrate the enhancement of the treatment efficiency via gold-mesoporous organosilica nanocomposites for TPE-PDT in cancer cells when compared to mesoporous organosilica particles. We performed the first comparative study of the influence of the shape and spatial position of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) functionalized with thiol groups and doped with a two-photon electron donor (2PS). The resulting multifunctional nanocarriers displayed TPE-fluorescence and were imaged inside cells. Furthermore, mesoporous organosilica NPs decorated gold nanospheres (AuNSs) induced 63 percent of selective killing on MCF-7 breast cancer cells. This study thus provides insights for the design of more effective multifunctional two-photon-sensitive nanocomposites via AuNPs for biomedical applications

Topics: Photodynamic therapy, two-photon, gold nanoparticles, Organic-inorganic, Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles., Biology (General), QH301-705.5
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fmolb.2016.00001
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:ce3f8836c829474c8eda207dde02e3c9
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