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The structural connectivity pattern of the default mode network and its association with memory and anxiety

By Yan eTao, Yan eTao, Bing eLiu, Bing eLiu, Xiaolong eZhang, Xiaolong eZhang, Jin eLi, Jin eLi, Wen eQin, Chunshui eYu and Tianzi eJiang and Tianzi eJiang and Tianzi eJiang and Tianzi eJiang

Abstract

The default mode network (DMN) is one of the most widely studied resting state functional networks. The structural basis for the DMN is of particular interest and has been studied by several researchers using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Most of these previous studies focused on a few regions or white matter tracts of the DMN so that the global structural connectivity pattern and network properties of the DMN remain unclear. Moreover, evidences indicate that the DMN is involved in both memory and emotion, but how the DMN regulates memory and anxiety from the perspective of the whole DMN structural network remains unknown. We used multimodal neuroimaging methods to investigate the structural connectivity pattern of the DMN and the association of its network properties with memory and anxiety in 205 young healthy subjects. Using a probabilistic fiber tractography technique based on DTI data and graph theory methods, we constructed the global structural connectivity pattern of the DMN and found that memory quotient (MQ) score was significantly positively correlated with the global and local efficiency of the DMN whereas anxiety was found to be negatively correlated with the efficiency. The strong structural connectivity between multiple brain regions within DMN may reflect that the DMN has certain structural basis. Meanwhile, we found the network efficiency of the DMN were related to memory and anxiety measures, which indicated that the DMN may play a role in the memory and anxiety

Topics: Anxiety, Memory, DTI, Default Mode Network, Structural network, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571, Human anatomy, QM1-695
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fnana.2015.00152
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:7637fe816e474b52b612d42d48065d48
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