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Observation of strong reflection of electron waves exiting a ballistic channel at low energy

By Canute I. Vaz, Changze Liu, Jason P. Campbell, Jason T. Ryan, Richard G. Southwick III, David Gundlach, Anthony S. Oates, Ru Huang and Kin. P. Cheung

Abstract

Wave scattering by a potential step is a ubiquitous concept. Thus, it is surprising that theoretical treatments of ballistic transport in nanoscale devices, from quantum point contacts to ballistic transistors, assume no reflection even when the potential step is encountered upon exiting the device. Experiments so far seem to support this even if it is not clear why. Here we report clear evidence of coherent reflection when electron wave exits the channel of a nanoscale transistor and when the electron energy is low. The observed behavior is well described by a simple rectangular potential barrier model which the Schrodinger’s equation can be solved exactly. We can explain why reflection is not observed in most situations but cannot be ignored in some important situations. Our experiment also represents a direct measurement of electron injection velocity - a critical quantity in nanoscale transistors that is widely considered not measurable

Topics: Physics, QC1-999
Publisher: AIP Publishing LLC
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1063/1.4954083
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:3c8469cce313441ba2472d9316506c9b
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